In different routes, the shipping capacity is arranged according to the order of cargo loading and unloading port, the type and heat of cargo export. In addition to the load problem of equipment operation in the destination port, the weight limit of large and small containers in different routes is naturally different.
People who have been in the interior of the United States have a deep understanding that the weight limit of road transportation in the United States is very strict, because many containers need to be towed inland by truck after being unloaded from the terminal, so the road weight limit also becomes the reason for shipping companies to limit the weight of containers, of course, it is not limited only for the terminal.
The weight of the goods on the American line is very strict. The weight limit is mainly affected by the road weight limit to the inland point of the United States, generally 17.3 tons for small containers and 19.5 tons for large and high containers. However, according to different ports, there are different weight restrictions.
It mainly depends on the mechanical equipment load of wharf and storage yard.
After the container ship is close to the terminal, the crane of the terminal is generally required for loading and unloading, and then it is towed to the container yard by truck and lifted down by forklift. If the weight of the container exceeds the mechanical load, it will cause difficulties to the operation of the terminal and the yard. Therefore, for some small ports with relatively backward equipment, the shipping company will generally inform the port of the weight limit in advance, and will not accept those exceeding the limit.
Generally, the weight policy of each shipping company is different. The standard is not to damage the container.
In the balance of space and weight. Every container ship has certain space and weight restrictions, but on a particular route, the space and weight are not always just balanced. The contradiction often occurs in North China where the heavy cargo is concentrated. The weight of the ship has arrived, and the shipping space is still much less. In order to make up for the loss of this kind of shipping space, the shipping company often adopts the strategy of increasing the price, that is, after the cargo weight exceeds how many tons, additional freight will be charged. There are also shipping companies that do not use their own ships, but buy other shipping companies' shipping space for transportation. The restrictions on weight will be more stringent, because the shipping space sales between shipping companies are all calculated according to the standard of 1teu = 14tons or 16tons, and those exceeding the weight will not be put on board.
During the explosion period, the weight limit of each box will be lowered according to the heat of the route.
When booking, ask the forwarder about the shipping company's weight limit at the latest. If there is no confirmation and the cargo is heavy, there will be risks. Some shipping companies will not have any communication space after being overweight, and will directly let the shipper tow, leave the port, pick up the cargo and then weigh again. These costs are out of control.
Weight limit of container itself
Each container has the maximum weight limit information on the opening door, such as Max gross: 30480kgs. That is to say, you can't carry more than this weight. The tare weight -- 20gp: 2200kgs, 40: 3.720-4200kgs, and some HQ will have Max gross: 32000kgs.
This is the maximum strength that the container can bear. If the loading exceeds this limit, the container may be deformed, the bottom plate will fall off, the top beam will bend and other damages may occur, and all the losses arising therefrom will be borne by the loader. At present, most of the domestic professional container terminals are equipped with automatic weighbridge. Therefore, as long as the container load exceeds the box weight limit, the terminal will refuse to accept the container. Therefore, it is recommended that you see the weight limit on the container before packing, so as to avoid unnecessary reloading.
If the goods are really overweight and cannot be divided, then you can choose the overweight box. This will increase the weight selection fee. Generally, the wharf / yard will stack the common dry containers of the shipping company together. If you want to select special weight cabinets (such as the 20 weight cabinets mentioned above), the wharf and yard must search one by one, and the resulting container selection fee is generally the same as the specified container fee.
Container transportation is a collaborative process involving many departments, so in addition to the weight limit of container itself, there are some other factors to be considered.